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tv   News  Al Jazeera America  October 29, 2013 6:00am-7:01am EDT

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♪ this is al jazeera. ♪ welcome from david foster to this al jazeera news hour, in the next 60 minutes the u.s. president barack obama orders a review of his country's spying program. troops in the philippines accused at shotting at hostages last month and say they were caught the cross fire. >> translator: it became very dark all of the sudden and i later heard my grandmother was blown to pieces. >> reporter: surviving a drone strike a pakistan family go to
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u.s. to tell their story hoping to put pressure on the government. >> and i'll be reporting on how swarms of locusts have eaten crops across 70% of madagascar and a new plan to kill them. ♪ so barack obama ordered a review of national security agency intelligence operations saying more constraints are needed. the u.s. spying program has come under fierce criticism overall gagss of nsa had been monitoring millions of citizens and heads of state around the world and we have more. >> reporter: the u.s. government practice of listening in on the phone calls of leaders of allied countries could be about to end. in an interview president barack obama says that national security operations generally have one purpose, to make sure the american people are safe. but i'm initiating now a review
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to make sure that what they are able to do doesn't necessarily mean it's what they should be doing. this is prompted by reports in germany that president obama was briefed on the surveillance of angela merkel's phone in 2010. anonymous officials say that is not true and that a white house review only discovered the surveillance of world leaders in the summer and say the bugging of merkel's phone and soon after. a delegation from the european parliament that is visiting washington is also worried about the surveillance of tens of millions of its citizens. one report from spain suggests the nsa tracked 60 million calls in the country in the space of a month. >> we need to figure out why this kind of surveillance activity is happening and what kind of trust needs to be rebuilt. in the end we are fighting a battle in terms of security and we need to get the balance right and we are concerned too about security and we made that very clear. but also there is a balance to
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be struck in privacy of citizens and i think these factors changes need to be built into trust. >> reporter: there is a session to discuss u.s. spying. if a special committee is set it it may end up calling witnesses including chancellor merkel and snowden who revealed the surveillance program and given asylum in russia. >> reporter: pressure has been growing on the u.s. intelligence gathering operations and started in june when edward snowden leaked evidence of the national security agency was collecting phone records of tens of millions of americans and u.s. allies in latin america got angry after revelations nsa ran a surveillance program and this is echoed by european leaders after the monitoring of spain and france and italy and it's
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not just ordinary people, citizens, phone calls of up to 35 world leaders were also tapped. the german chancellor's phone may have been monitored for up to ten years. and this is the former cia officer is joining me now from healthfield in england and you are back from the united states, what are your friends in the intelligence community saying about this there? >> it has become a political event in the united states. the issue is not so much whether or not the united states was surveilling other countries. the issue has now become what did the administration or the senate oversight committee know about what was going on. and that has become a very political hot potatoe and the one responsible for over seeing operations to include those of the national security agency is a woman named diane feinstein and she has been in the position for years and the way the
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committee works is the intelligence organizations come in and provide briefings to the committee or committee staffers on all of their programs, what their targets are and what they are doing. as the revelations have hit we are seeing interesting things happen in the u.s. one, dianne feinstein the chairman of the committee said she didn't know anything about it, nobody told her and then the white house administration is coming out saying they didn't know anything about it, nobody told her. and the national security agency has come out and said we briefed everyone and we briefed the intelligence committee annually on the programs and dianne feinstein didn't know what was going on after being briefed on it. >> reporter: the president says there will be a review do you think he is sincere about making changes or will it be one of those things that gets pushed into the long grass? >> i guess you would have to address what the fundamental purpose of an intelligence
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organization is. and that is to gather information to the benefit of the country that is gathering it. and some of the things that we are hearing tossed about as to how it's wrong to collect information on your allies or on political leaders really is kind of silly if you think about it, don't collect information on allies. if you can recall japan was an ally of the united states in the first world war and attacked the united states in 1941. so is that to suggest it was wrong for the united states to collect information on the japanese military build up prior to the attack? of course not. so we are seeing a lot of people now that are behaving very much like that classic scene in the movie casa blanca and they announced that the cafe was being closed and when asked why
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he said it had come to his attention gambling was going on there at which point they walked up and gave the police inspector his winnings from the gambling tables so there is a lot of that going on right now. >> reporter: is there embarrassment among the administration? you talk about dianne feinstein being surprised she doesn't know or does this stretch to the american population as a whole with possible outrage morning the citizens about what the country is doing or they just don't care? >> i think the average american citizen expects the intelligence organization to collect information to provide for their security and their safety. there is an intelligence failure that led to 9/11 and people don't want to see that repeated. so the average american is interested in making sure the information is collected that will be useful to them, not so much what the target might be. >> reporter: and bob we thank you very much indeed for that, joining us in our discussion former cia officer talking from
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the united kingdom. video emerged showing hostages in the philippines being shot at during a siege last month and the military said they were simply caught in the cross fire, as the army fought rebels in the southern city of zombawanka and we will hear from them in a moment and first we report. [gunfire] the maker of the on line video says it shows hostages shouting at the army not to shoot. they are waving the white flag in surrender and nearby carrying weapons are said to be more national liberation front rebels. [gunfire] the military is believes to have opened fire, some fall while others go to safety. [gunfire] junior is no stranger to armed conflict. he fought as a soldier against the mnlf when they sought
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independence at the end of the 60s and the same fighters are the ones who held him hostage. >> translator: we were so happy because we thought a cease fire had been declared and the mnlf fired first and military retaliated and hostages were shot and i was hit in the head, a student lost an arm, another was shot in the stomach. >> reporter: the philippine government has questioned the authenticity of the video. they have even suggested that it may be fake. and they are taking the allegations seriously. >> there are claims and will be properly investigated and there are cases that have to be filed they will be filed. but at the same time perhaps i should caution you that it's not so far a bit of propaganda. the bottom line is the actions by mnlf brought about the crisis. >> reporter: it's been weeks since the government declared a crisis officially over. but many questions remain.
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what really happened here during the 19-day siege? and who is responsible for the deaths of many civilians? over 200 people have been killed, mnlf fighters took over 200 civilians hostage and demanded to be allowed to hoist their independent flag at the center of the city. but no clear negotiation in the philippine government took place and in the weeks that followed thousands of military troops se came in and the city became a battlefield and junior says he doesn't blame anyone and come to accept that to survive he only has himself to rely on. al jazeera in southern philippines. >> reporter: the military spokesman says civilian safety was the top priority during the operation. >> definitely our concern is the safety of hostages and that we did. during the video we never fired up them. what we were firing up is sniper
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positions of the enemy. they are the ones firing towards the troops of the afp. looking at video you see they are firing a bazooka and it's aimed towards the hostages in the rear. clearly, if anyone is endangering the civilians it's the mnlf and not us. our mission is given to us by the president only two things, rescue the hostages and neutralize the enemy. we were able to rescue 195 hostages. unfortunately 12 hostages were killed and 8 of them were at the hand of mnlf and 4 of them were do still we are not sure if it's related to a bombing of a bus. >> reporter: and they are searching for members of the community after a car crash in tiananmen square and five were killed and dozens injuries when
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a car went into a crowd on monday and we have more from hong kong. >> reporter: around the square normally subjected to tight security there are extra precautions. at a roadblock leading into the chinese capitol vehicles checked because of the fatal incident on monday. recovering in the hospitals some of more than 30 people injured have been recounting the moments of the crash and subsequent fire. many were chinese tourists who were visiting tiananmen square at the time. >> translator: we thought the jeep was heading for us and my mother and i had no way to run from it. i thought that if the car was going to hit us we would die right there. but it hit the marble railing instead. >> translator: the car seemed just to appear and suddenly came towards us and luckily i moved a step to the side and it rushed past. >> reporter: also in the crash a number of foreigners with the japanese tourists being treated in hospital and vested by an
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official by the consulate. >> translator: it seems the man injured his hip and will under go a detailed examination and conscious and able to speak clearly to us. so his injuries are not life threatening. >> reporter: as the authorities continue their investigation into the crash, it's been reported by one news agency that police suspect this was a suicide attack. there has been no official confirmation of that but police in the capitol have been reportedly looking for two suspects from the region circulating their pictures around hotels and guest houses. rob micbride. >> reporter: and the legacy of the rouge and cambodia is struggling to help those who are still traumatized and investors are scared away from mozambique as it crumbles between the government and former rebels.
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the boston red sox are on the brink of winning the world series and we will tell you how we will get there in about a half an hour's time. ♪ four police officers appeared in court in egypt facing charges of murder. they relate to the deaths of 37 men who were sophisticated by tear gas in a split van in august. they were being take end to cairo when they took a guard hostage. the police have denied the murder charges saying they were trying to free their colleagues and the case is adjourned until mid november. mohamed morsi doesn't recognize the court of trying him and have not appointed lawyers and not giving up as president. the judge overseeing the trial of the muslim brotherhood has stood down and a new judge will have to be a p -- appointed.
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preparation of 26 palestinians from israeli jails. they are due to be freed later on tuesday. it's the second batch of four to be freed bringing the total so far to 52. the next group will be released by january. some of the men have been held for nearly three decades and it's part of a deal broken by the united states. leaders of afghanistan and pakistan are due to meet in london in the next few hours and the relationship between the two countries is strained but hoped the talks will lead to resumption of peace talks with the taliban. and jennifer glass reports from kobbel. >> reporter: afghans are suspicious of pakistan and say they are neighbors playing a dangerous game, interfering to keep afghanistan unstable and still supporting the taliban and watched the president karzai visit 20 times with little
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result. >> we say but actions you are not doing what you are saying. the action is not important, not the talking. >> reporter: in august afghan officials had high hopes new pakistan prime minister could improve the strained relationship. president karzai extended the trip to islamabad and promised to release prisoners to help restart the peace process. in london karzai is expected to ask about the taliban's former second in command and he was reportedly released last month but apparently still under tight pakistan supervision. >> the civilian government and islamabad the relationship is warm if not luke warm and the center of the problem with pakistan is the role of the military. whether that has changed or not remains to be seen. >> reporter: karzai will ask for pakistan's help to fight armed groups and keep the taliban for disrupting next year's presidential election.
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karzai cannot run in the elections and through the 12 years in power there is no peace in afghanistan without pakistan but unclear if he can persuade pakistan to deliver the peace. >> reporter: and he is a former afghan mp and good to have you with us on the news hour. why has there not been an improvement in the relationship between the two countries as had been hoped with the election of him? >> i think the election of new governments in pakistan has proven repeatedly that it has not effected the core policies of pakistan so this gives us an indication that the core policies are made elsewhere or at least the civilian governments have not as much control as we think they do. so that is why and if it's him or predecessors we have seen the same vicious circle we are in.
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>> in kobbel what is it thought that the pakistan policy toward afghanistan actually is? >> well, most analysts and most afghans who follow this, they don't form opinions based on rumors or based on hearsay. we just see where the proof is and the proof is in the pudding and i think pakistan has shown time and again that they want a weaker afghanistan based on very old and very outdated calculations that they have so they have to wake up to new realities in this country and their country otherwise both countries will fall behind the car van of progress in this region and the world. >> reporter: is it as simple as has been explained to me in the past pakistan doesn't want to see indian influence growing in afghanistan because it would give india control of both sides of pakistan?
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>> that's true. one of the fears pakistan has and they are based most of their strategic calculations on that is the indian influence because of their own relation with india and the fact that pakistan and afghan leaders are being dragged to london to seek peace in this region shows that we are going far away from where peace should be made. the peace should be made here and india should be partov it, iran part of it and should play their required role in the piece. >> let's talk about the number two in the taliban still being effectively held although released by the pakistan authorities and possibly under house arise and karzai said he was close to helping us with a peace deal and is that a smoke screen in your opinion? >> i think it's very simple isic to say the brother is able to do anything among the taliban and
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let's remember 13 years ago a taliban who was 18 years old now is 31, 32 years old and those are the new taliban who are groomed and calling the shots, so the release or people like him, if they are released they will not make a dent in any peace negotiation or any progress towards peace. this is just a smokes screen and just a ploy for politicians to buy time. >> we are talking to a former afghan mp live in kobbel. >> thank you. >> reporter: pakistan school teacher and children will be the first drone victims to testify before the u.s. congress. that will be later on tuesday. since 2004 there have been over 376 cia drone strikes on pakistan. the bureau of investigative journalism says up to 3613 pakistans died as a result and 1500 people have been injured.
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the family were hit by drone strike a year ago and they have come to washington to tell their story. kimberly is with them. >> it happened a little more than a year ago. but for 12-year-old and 9-year-old the memories are still vivid. >> translator: and i saw these two bright lights fall from the sky and hit where my grandmother was standing. then everything became dark and i didn't know what to do but i just wanted to run away because i was just so scared and i looked at my hand and there was blood coming out of my hand. >> translator: it was as if day was night and came dark all of the sudden and where my grandmother was i later heard she was blown to pieces. >> reporter: their grandmother had been picking okra when she was hit and villagers had trouble burying her charred body. all that was left were fragments and the family has never been told why the 67-year-old mid
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wife was targeted. . >> translator: i received a letter from some official in the pakistan government agreeing what had happened to us was tragic and it was sad because we are innocent. there was nothing else that came from that letter and they just said that this indeed was an american drone strike. >> reporter: they are not the only victims. despite u.s. claims that the drone program targets al-qaeda and taliban operatives a resent report by two prominent human rights groups reveals at least 19 civilians have been killed by u.s. drones since january 2012. >> there is a process that goes into how these operations are chosen and as part of the process we take every effort to limit the casualties. >> reporter: they say that is not the case. the children's physical injuries have healed but they can't escape the psychological scars. the drones still hover
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terrorizing the village and they went to washington to share the story with u.s. lawmakers and marks the first time in history members of congress will hear from drone survivors. why do you want to come to washington and speak to the politicians on capitol hill? . >> translator: i've seen and heard obama with conviction on the screen he will use drones on anyone who is against america, who wants to cause harm to america. the reason i have come with my children is to share my story and to share the truth. >> translator: i want justice. i don't know what to make of what happened to me and my family. and the second big thing that i want to urge is that these drones should just come to an end. >> reporter: they hope to put pressure on the u.s. government to reevaluate the targeted killing program so other families are not also devastated by american drones. kimberly with al jazeera
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washington. >> reporter: at least two fighters have been killed if a u.s. drone strike in somalia on the outskirts of jilib and one is alli, an expert and ahead of the suicide bomber division and it targeted the car in which he was traveling. more than three decades after the fall of the rouge in cambodia one in 7 suffers from ptsd and the ruling party was responsible for one of the mass killings of the 20th century and florence reports now. >> she lost her parents and husband during the regime and watched them die. from disease and hunger after soldiers forced them and millions of others to march to the country side in an attempt to create an agricultural
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utopia. >> translator: they didn't kill us. they left us in the jungle to die. >> reporter: to this day the memories haunt her. prayers offer her some comfort but she says she is still unable to sleep and relies on antianxiety medication. she could be one of the undiagnosed trauma victims of the rouge. >> and the cambodia who has been traumatized they have broken courage from extreme fears and avoidance that many cambodias who have gone through the rouge and expressed. >> reporter: psychologists say domestic violence and substance abuse can also be linked to mental health problems. trauma disorders can trickle down to the next generations and some health experts fear that younger cambodias who have never lived through the rouge regime may be unwilling victims. there are 49 psychiatrists for a
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population of 15 million. the government says it plans to train more specialist doctors but mental healthcare spending amounts to less than 0.01% of its budget and nongovernment groups and the psychosocial organization sometimes step in to fill the void. counseling sessions can help to ease symptoms but survivors still find it difficult to tell their stories. >> translator: when i'm not here i feel like i'm hurting inside and my family members were killed or died under the reign of the rouge. >> tim warner has been coming here ten years and her visits are less frequent now and not as dependent on sleeping pills but she like others who survived the rouge are still imprisoned by the past. >> reporter: time to catch up on the world weather and here is
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richard. >> well, the storm has is named after the patron st. of lost causes due the apostle is beginning to blow itself out but this is the peak and what forecasters are weary of and it's dry and tracking down very cold and very fast-moving air in the atmosphere did not occur but it was a major storm. these shots come in from copenhagen and the winds of 150, 160 kilometers per hour were certainly quite likely here and you can see that all coming down in one final gust. but these shots coming from belgium indicate very strong winds indeed. to blow people off their feet like that suggest winds a little bit more and this woman here is struggling and having to be helped to get away out of the worst of the breeze and a lot of trees brought down as well and this is brussels and elsewhere
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the strongest the winds were probably around about the land off the german coast and 200 kilometers for hour and the storm is going out and blowing on the baltic states and russia and it's quieting down and, in fact, we have more fronts moving to the uk and they are weaker and having said that there is a significant storm next week and could see disruption but nothing on the scale of tuesday's storm, david. >> thank you very much indeed in just a moment here on the al jazeera news hour on track to legalize marijuana in uraguay and the government said it's for the better and we will tell you why they say that. and an ancient event is fighting for its place in the modern world. ♪
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♪ time to take you through the top stories this hour on al jazeera, the u.s. president ordered a review of intelligence gathering and it's after allegations of the u.s. national security agency bugged the phones of world leaders including allies in europe. pictures have emerged showing hostages in the philippines being shot at during a siege last month and they were caught in the cross fire as the army fought rebels. chinese police are pursuing a community after a crash in tiananmen square and five were killed and dozens injured when a car plowed into a crowd on
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monday. madagascar, a massive island off africa and the worst locust plague in years and infesting half of the african nation and destroyed crops leaving 4 million people hungry. so let's go to tanya page who is live in the capitol and it does look even though the situation is pretty bleak it looks like help is at hand. >> yes, it certainly is. that is because there is a three-year emergency response program that is about to start spraying these insects which at the moment are on the ground. it's an ongoing problem because next year if they don't do something about them now the swarms will get up again and will be flying all over the country as well. we are at a feeding program where the effects are being felt because there is less harvest, food is more expensive and more people are attending this so the
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locust are effecting the villages where they are striking right if the heart of the cities. these farmers were helpless when a swarm descended on rice patties and ate everything leaving villages hungry and there is growth but they are fighting for the return and the animals are suffering and they ate the food for the bulls which are too weak to plow and everything has to be done by hand. >> translator: they came from the south blown by the wind and flew silent in a huge swarm and we were surprised. it passed a huge cloud and blocked out the sun. >> reporter: at the height of the infestation the swarms effected 70% of madagascar combined with the effect of the annual cyclones this year's harvest is down 21%. the world food program and the u.n. food and agriculture
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organization said a third of houses are hungry with 10 million more people at risk. the resent swarm appeared in 2009 but a political and economic crisis that gripped the country since a coup that year left officials helpless too. >> translator: all the conditions were right for them to swarm and at the same time our political, social and economy crisis here and the fight against locals was too slow and they didn't have money so they grew out of control. >> reporter:er ratification program starts in november, two million hectors of land will be sprayed with pesticides but they need to raise a quarter of the $41 million for the plan. this is the best time of year to start the program because the insects are on the ground, reproducing and laying eggs. the reduced harvest means stable foods are more expensive so
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there is more demand at feeding programs like this, wfp feeds nearly a quarter million children a day and could be their only decent meal and made harder and out of their control natural and manmade. with me to talk more about the situation here in madagascar is william and he is from the world food program. how big of a factor are the locusts and the situation that madagascar is facing now? >> a factor in serious negative impact the country has been suffering and less economic process and less aid and cyclones are impacting the country every year a couple of them and now we have the locusts are impacting the agricultural production. the crop this year was less than last year. we expect that according to estimations it's 21% less rice
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production this year, 15% less and in the country that is already very poor where almost 92% of the population lives on less than $2 a day and we estimate there is 4 million people living in food insecurity. >> reporter: and most of the people live if the rural areas, don't they? elections are declared free and fair, does that mean that if things are going to be good for madagascar from now on? >> i think there is new hope. i hope and i think also that we are going to be able to get more assistance for madagascar to help them stand on their own feet and rebuild and reconstruct because the last 4 1/2 years has really been talking about the system and structure. ministers have not had funding to intervene in the health of health or education sector. there is 1.6 million children not going to school. that is the normal challenge for the country, how will we makeup for that?
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we have 50% of the children in madagascar that are malnourished and if we don't do anything the future of the country will be ruined. >> reporter: emergency plan is about to start the spraying program, how quickly or how soon do you hope to see results from that? >> well, fao which is our sister agency has already started with this. they need to make good plans in order to fumigate in the right way and take caution with spraying insecticides and so on. my understanding is they have already started with this and there has not been funding to do it. from that sense with the operations and other factors like a cyclone or something like that, we should see a good outcome. >> reporter: okay, we seem to have lost the connection with tanya page and the guest from
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the world food program but we do understand that the emergency measures to try and help the farmers and poor people in madagascar appear to be on track. we are heading off to south sudan because people in the region are voting in an unofficial referendum to decide if they want to go to one country or the other. the oil straddles the border between sudan and south sudan and both say the territory is theirs. let's go to peter joining us live from there. i describe it as an oil-rich region and it's undoubtedly that but what makes abyei so interesting for the people around it and those that live there is it's more about a water dispute than it is about oil. >> well, i think it's about both david, the oil in the ground and the water and grass above ground. there is a migrant community who who are arabs and speak arabic
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and they claimed they have a right to vote in the referendum here. but the local community here ethnically, culturally and politically going to juda and say they have no rights because it's a migrant community and they only spend six months of the year here. so they are saying only they should be allowed to vote and they are the ones holding the referendum and the others are not involved. in financial terms, in fact, the cattle industry and the industry they bring in here probably worth as much if not more than the oil under ground. the amount of oil here is also in dispute. the amount that is actually produced at the moment is relatively little. but overall the locals here insist there is still a lot of oil that is unexplored that is undeveloped. either way this area is
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lucrative and important not just financially to the two states sudan and south sudan but carries a great deal of political and cultural significance and in that respect we could see some kind of blow back from this. we know the referendum is going to vote solely in favor of unity with south sudan, the question is how that will change the relationship with them. >> reporter: and because it's not binding and neither the south nor sudan saying it will hold them to anything. does it matter very much to anybody other than those taking part? >> well, let me tell you what the people here have been telling us. every time i put that question to them they say it doesn't matter and says ultimately international organizations, both governments and other organizations like the united nations and african union will all have to recognize the outcome of the referendum because ultimately it has to be
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up to the community to see what their political fate should be and saying we could live with short-time refusal to recognize but this is a statement of what we want and so at some point or another these organizations, these governments are going to have to recognize the outcome of this vote. >> we will see whether they do or don't. peter thank you very much indeed. former president of ivory coast lost appeal to be released on bail. and he faces four charges of crimes against humanity at the international criminal court in the hague. the allegations relate to violence that followed the election in 2010. and mozambique is the fastest growing economic but them and the rebel group is wearying foreign investors and we report from mozambique's second biggest city. >> she was 35 years old when the
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civil war ended in 1992. after more than 20 years of peace, sporadic fighting and the government which is led by the party and the former rebel group is worrying her. >> translator: our leaders must sit down and talk. i want my children to grow up in peace. >> reporter: foreign-owned companies invested billions of dollars exporting resources like gas and cole and depend on highways and railroad lines that run through there. >> translator: we hope this problem will be dissolved soon and the government promised to do everything it can to protect investors and i have to sit down and talk. >> reporter: and officials say they do not want war and deny attacking civilians and allege government soldiers are getting outside help. >> translator: to the international community, watch
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zimbobway and they wear uniforms and speak english and be aware because it puts people in danger. >> reporter: it's 200 kilometers from the second biggest city and poverty and unemployment is a big problem here and so is the threat of what is spreading to the urban areas. this has been going on for generations and everyday around this time people come to the beach to buy and sell, fish and how they make end meet and don't want war. the economy is growing 7% a year says the government and there is international diplomatic pressure to push both sides to the negotiating table, al jazeera. >> reporter: news hour continues and problems and delays and report from the russian host city of the next winter olympics. and a winning return for the tennis player coming back after
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a drug ban and we have that and the rest of sport in just a couple of minutes. ♪
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♪ uraguay may legalize marijuana. the government says it's necessary to protect people from drug gangs. and monica explains. >> reporter: he says smoking marijuana in public has been legal in his country for as long
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as he can remember. but buying the drug is illegal. soon this won't be the case. >> if you want to smoke it's your decision, you know. it's your choice. >> reporter: the senate is expected to legalize the production and sale of marijuana. activists who campaigned for ten years to change the law say it's a huge step in the right direction and now they want other drugs to be decriminalized. >> it should be regulated and go back to alcohol and fire and weapons and marijuana. >> translator: cocaine should be regulated so that consumers know if they are buying bad quality drugs that put them at risk and they can get it in a safe place. >> reporter: the president, the main backer of the marijuana bill says his goal is to take the lucrative drug market away from traffickers and the government will give licenses to
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grow marijuana and will sell it in pharmacy. the president says that means buyers won't have to deal with criminal networks. it's the controversial proposal. >> translator: the government's message is drugs are here to stay and we must learn to live with them but we do not understand why we have to accept a life with drugs. congresswoman says the demand for drugs should be reduced and missing the government's approach has damage control. they are a small south american country with a big drug problem. consumption of hard drugs like crack cocaine is on the rise and nearly 70,000 people smoke marijuana. it's 11:30 and exercise time. at the main rehab facility for young people. this place you see is publically funded and treats about 300 addicts each month and it's a
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pretty significant number considering the country only has 3 million people. doctors at the clinic say marijuana is the least of their concerns. it's more difficult to treat people who are addicted to crack cocaine, alcohol or prescription drugs. >> translator: we would like the government to show signs that it will also take on regulating other types of drugs. it should not let the substances to be governed by the crude market laws of demand and supply. >> reporter: doctors here hope the marijuana bill passes and that others will follow. and they continue to help young addicts rebuild their lives, monica with al jazeera uraguay. >> reporter: stores have been looted by crowds angry by the killing of a teenager and several vehicles were set on fire and blame police for the death of the 17-year-old who was shot in the chest.
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police say it was an accident. at least 90 people have been arrested. the russian president putin insisted gay people and athletes have nothing to fear at next year's winter olympics and there are boycott threats and accusations and with 100 days until the opening ceremony organizers are facing an uphill battle and david traveled to sochi. >> reporter: $50 billion and rising, the bill for the sochi game also be the most expensive ever and the stadium where the opening ceremony is far from finished. authorities don't like cameras. every time we try to film security guards politely and firmly told us to go away. it was meant to look like a giant snow flake but a roof had to be added for safety of the spectators because the climate
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here occasionally has violent winds and now it looks more like a giant clam. hosting a visit to sochi by the head of the olympic committee on monday president putin was diffusing the treatment of gay people in russia. >> translator: we are doing everything, both the organizers and our athletes and fans so that participants and guests feel comfortable in sochi regardless of national naturalty, race or sexual orientation. >> reporter: the grand tour of russia's olympic flame has taken in the north pole and as it traveled south allegations of bureaucratic corruption are piling up. the opposition politician borris is a native of sochi and swearing was deleted and he wants to dazzle the world and told event organizers to get it
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done or drop dead. sochi residents have been largely stoic of disruption to their lives and may have something to do with the climate. even now in the last days of october the temperatures here are a balmy 20 degrees centigrade but in the mountains it is around zero. the snow here is expected to start falling in earnest by the end of november. and officials realize the reputation is at stake so they ordered their own snow making commitment and if you look carefully at the mountain side here you can make out several huge piles of snow under plastic sheeting which they have been storing since last winter. david with al jazeera sochi. >> reporter: there is one way to do it and we are here with some other sport. >> thank you so much david. the boston red sox are on the brink of winning the world series and beat the cards in game five and lead 3-2 and
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boston designated hitter ortiz was ahead with an rbi double in the first inning and john out pitched his cardinals allowing one run and four hits and 7 innings striking out 7 without a walk and boston won 3-1 and it goes back to fenway park for game six on wednesday. al jazeera's jessica tap has all the reaction from st. louis. >> in what has been a world series for the ages the boston red sox take two of three at bush stadium, behind the big hitting of ortiz and great pitching of ace john lester who has beaten the cards twice in the series. >> given the stage, given how strong he has been throughout the course of this year and particularly the second half and what he is doing in his own right career wise in the post season this was a big game and for him to go out and pitch like he did against a top flight
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starter and wane wright and it was shaping up to be a pitcher dual and we broke through in the 7th inning and, lester was outstanding. >> i want high things for myself and so do my teammates and the biggest thing is when you go out in a game like this or middle of the season you don't want to let the guys down and we are trying to pull on the same rope and get to one common goal and that is what makes this team pretty special. >> reporter: the world series moves back to boston with the red sox one win away from winning another title. the pitching match up and john lakey going against michael waka, at the world series in st. louis jessica. >> reporter: three high ranking officials from the aton doping agency arrived in jamaica to look at the drug testing program after allegations that the athletes have not been properly tested in the lead up to last
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year's olympics and the record leader is one of a lot of athletes who failed drug tests this year. and the president john faye threatened a ban for the country at the 2016 rio olympics if the doping controls do not improve. and a winning return at the masters after a doping ban and 9 month suspension for using a ban stimulate to four months. the court of arbitration said he could face egor on monday and 1-3 set. and they slipped to world number 47. >> i felt like a kid playing for the first time tennis and i would say the feeling was amazing just to be back on the court, to be competing and i enjoyed every moment on the court and i was just my thoughts
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were just on the things that how much i'm enjoying and how i'm happy to be back on the course. >> reporter: the man in charge of football in europe would like to see the world cup expanded from 32-40 countries and he was reacting to the stated ambition to include more asian and african teams. and he would rather see more countries taking part in the world cup than have places taken away from europe. jordan asia with a chance for the cup and they beat nigeria against uraguay and taking place in a couple week's time. now it's an event that can trace the origin back to the ancient olympics 2000 years ago, in recents years the pentathlon has
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had to fight about it. >> it's modern but the sport has been part of the games since 1912. indeed the event which has five different disciplines and even traces roots to 708 bc and the original olympic games. and this is the brain child of the father of the modern day olympics. and it's designed to simulate the skills required of a 19th century soldier dropped behind enemy lines and fencing and shooting and horse jumping and running and the sport was designed in the 19th century has been relevant to spectators in the 21st. >> when i became the president i was not acting by myself and studied art and kind of art in my sport and i try to go with the media and with the interest of young people and we changed a lot. so it's new technology and laser
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shooting and so very safety and things for everybody. so this was another big step and then the combination of shoot and run like we have before. and this is another exciting moment. >> reporter: how important is it for the sport that you continue to have olympic recognition? >> we are as we say not a mass sport, we are elite sport. if you are not in this into, of olympic under the olympic rings it will be very difficult to convince the governments to support you. >> reporter: this event the champion of champions brought together the top talent in the sport, frenchman winning the overall title. >> and i want the competition to come through and today is my day with fencing and fencing is good. >> they say that priority now will be to raise modern
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pentathlon's profile as it builds to rio 2016, al jazeera doha. >> reporter: in the nhl the canadians beat the new york rankers to spoil the long-awaited opener and hosted the first game of the season at madison square garden and they were on the road and it was the canadians who shot out new york and peter had 27 saves to help montreal 8-0 win. there is more sport on our website and check out al and details how to get in touch with our team using the twitter and facebook. that is it for me for now and david back to you. >> thank you very much. indeed that is just about it for me, david foster and the news hour team and company. over the next 30 minutes, thank you for watching us here on al jazeera.
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all next week america tonight investigates the campus rape crisis. >> serial rape is the norm on college campuses. >> i know that when i did report, i was blamed. >> then this friday at nine eastern, we open up the conversation in a live town-hall event. sex crimes on campus, a special week of coverage and live town-hall on america tonight nine eastern. only on al jazeera america.
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>> embroiled in an embarrassing spy scandal, president obama may order the n.s.a. to stop eaves dropping on the leaders of american allies, stripping the agency of some of its powers. >> a pakistan. >> i family that lost their grandmother to a drone strike is on capitol hill to tell their story. first, they share it with aljazeera america. >> sex crimes on campus, surprising new research that the majority of attacks on campus of committed by repeat offenders. >> it's hard breaking. >> it was heart wrenching. >> one year after hurricane sandy, some families still have not been able to pic pick up the
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